May 2017: Section 2, The Eligibility Criteria has been updated as a result of changes to the Care and Support Statutory Guidance.
The Care Act introduces a national eligibility framework which establishes the minimum threshold at which a person’s needs must be met by the local authority. The financial assessment may establish that the person must fund their own services but the local authority must provide or arrange them if the person asks it to. The eligibility threshold is not just based on needs but on whether someone can achieve specified outcomes and how this affects their wellbeing.
Eligibility can only be established following a thorough assessment of the person’s needs. During this assessment, a preventative service or intervention such as reablement may be offered which might reduce a person’s needs to the point at which they no longer need ongoing support and so the decision about eligibility should be deferred until the preventative intervention has been made.
2. The Eligibility Criteria
Anyone who feels they need support is entitled to some level of support. For some people this will be advice and information and for others it will the provision of services or money to buy services.
In order to be eligible, a need must:
- Arise from a physical or mental impairment or illness;
- Mean they are unable to meet one or more of the outcomes listed below;
- Have a significant impact on their wellbeing.
A person’s needs are only eligible if they meet all three of these conditions, and it must be borne in mind that the impact of their inability to perform a function will differ from person to person. For example one person may, as a result of a physical impairment take an hour to dress in the morning and the effort involved leaves them exhausted and unable to go to work. That need would be eligible. Another person with the same impairment may take the same time to dress but then be able to go about their day in the usual way. That need would not be eligible.
The specified outcomes are:
- Carrying out one or more basic care activities;
- Staying safe at home;
- Maintaining family or other significant personal relationships;
- Accessing and engaging in work, training, education or volunteering;
- Accessing necessary facilities or services in the local community;
- Carrying out any caring responsibilities the person has for a child.
The person is regarded as being unable if:
- They can’t do it without help;
- They can do it but it causes significant pain, distress or anxiety;
- They can do it but only at significant risk to their health and safety or that of others;
- They can do it but it takes significantly longer than would normally be expected.
Carers can be eligible for services in their own right, regardless of whether the person they care for has eligible needs. There are two ways in which carers become eligible:
- If they need support to enable them to carry on in their caring role;
- If caring is having a significant impact on their wellbeing.
When assessing whether a carer is eligible for support to maintain their caring role, local authorities must consider:
- Whether the carer is unable to carry out one or more necessary caring tasks without help;
- The carer can carry out the tasks but doing so causes them or the person they care for significant pain, distress or anxiety, or it endangers their health and safety or that of the cared for person
- Whether the carer is able to achieve the outcome without assistance but doing so is likely to endanger the health or safety of the carer or any adults or children for whom the carer provides care.
AND this means that:
- The carer’s physical or mental health is deteriorating;
- The carer cannot carry out some or all of their basic household activities;
- The carer cannot carry out their caring responsibilities for a child;
- The carer cannot provide care to other people for whom they provide care;
- The carer cannot maintain family or other significant personal relationships;
- The carer cannot maintain their home environment;
- The carer cannot manage and maintain nutrition for them and their family;
- The carer cannot engage in work, training, education or volunteering;
- The carer cannot make use of necessary facilities or services in the community;
- The carer cannot engage in recreational activities.
3. Assessing and Informing Customers of the Eligibility Decision
Following assessment which may be a self assessment, a supported self assessment or an assessment carried out by a worker, the information contained in the assessment must be measured against the eligibility criteria by a worker and a decision made about whether a particular need meets the eligibility threshold. This must be recorded and a copy of the record of decisions given to the customer.
4. Appealing a Decision about Eligibility
If the customer disagrees with the eligibility decision, s/he may appeal against it. The appeal will be considered by a manager who may appoint an worker who is independent of the original assessment and decision making process to examine all relevant information and reconsider the eligibility decision. If new information about the customer’s needs and the impact of those needs on their wellbeing becomes available, it must be taken fully into account. In some cases, the new information may be added to the original assessment and in others, it may necessitate a reassessment.
5. Financial Assessment
Following a decision that a customer is eligible for care and support, a financial assessment must be carried out to ascertain whether the local authority will pay for some or all of that support. Please see finance policy for details.